Areas in Which Cancer Prevention is an Ongoing Research – Research in cancer prevention covers a wide array of areas. Research is being conducted to study the presence of carcinogens in an individual’s workplace as well as their immediate surroundings. Asbestos, arsenic, and radon are to mention a few of such carcinogens found within areas in which an individual spends their time the most. As a field of study, research on cancer also discovers that a diet consisting predominantly in veggies and fruit may reduce cancer risks and that the risks for colorectal cancer increase with high intake of red meat and processed meat. Researchers also found out that there is a close link between physical activity and cancer, although said link does require further study to discover the exact mechanism.
Sedentary lifestyle is another factor contributing to increase in cancer risk. Studies showed that sedentary lifestyle, such as sitting at a desk for too long, correlates with higher risks of cancer. The exact nature connecting the two is still under further examination but it’s clear that it’d be beneficial to move more and sit less. Some vaccines are also shown to be effective in helping preventing cancer. The HPV vaccines, for example, may help prevent several forms of cancer including cervical, vaginal, vulvar, anal, oral, and oropharyngeal cancers.
A link between cancer risk and vitamin D is also a subject studied by researcher. Scientific evidence continues to pile up and all signs are directed at vitamin D being able to reduce risks of some cancer types—colorectal cancer being the strongest contender. Other vitamins and supplements are currently being studied for their efficacy in preventing cancer including vitamin A (carotenoids and retinoid), vitamin E, folic acid, selenium, and calcium. Statins are a type of drugs used in lowering cholesterol level. Studies are being conducted to find out if statins can block cell functions so that development, growth, and spread of cancer can be limited if not stopped at all. At this point, taking NSAIDs isn’t a recommended way to prevent cancer.
However, studies show that NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and celecoxib have the potential efficacy in cancer prevention. NSAIDs lessen inflammation and they block the production of prostaglandins, which are hormones that regulate the growth and death of cells as well as development of blood vessels. Another drug studied for its efficacy in cancer prevention would be Metformin, used in treating diabetes. The drug lowers glucose levels in the blood and it may also reduce cancer risks in people with diabetes.